●《網絡信息內容生態治理規定》把中國特色治網之道的政治優勢轉化為制度優勢,并將以制度優勢實現網絡信息內容生態構建的治理優勢

The regulation of ecological management of network information content transforms the political advantage of network management with Chinese characteristics into institutional advantage.

●建立綜合治理體系,防范“人肉搜索”。一方面,要加強相關法律法規宣傳教育,引導網民充分認識“人肉搜索”可能帶來的違法后果;另一方面,要依法懲處違法者

:: Establish a comprehensive management system to guard against \"human flesh search \". On the one hand, it is necessary to strengthen the publicity and education of relevant laws and regulations to guide Internet users to fully understand the possible illegal consequences of \"human flesh search \"; on the other hand, to punish violators according to law

“人肉搜索”是一種基于人際關系的關系型網絡社區活動,往往是“一人提問,八方回應”,一次聲勢浩大的“人肉搜索”,往往會有成千上萬的網民參與,可能使相關人員受到全國乃至整個世界的關注。

\"Human flesh search\" is a kind of interpersonal relationship-based network community activities, often \"one-person question, eight-party response \", a huge\" human flesh search \", often have thousands of netizens involved, may make the relevant personnel to attract the attention of the whole country and the whole world.

近日,“德陽女醫生自殺事件”再次進入公眾視野,“人肉搜索”也再次引發關注。這名女醫生的丈夫最近在接受媒體采訪時稱,他曾以“侵犯公民個人信息罪”報案,四川省綿竹市人民檢察院于2019年對泄露信息的人正式提起公訴,但開庭時間至今未定。

Recently,\" Deyang female doctor suicide incident \"into the public view again,\" human flesh search\" also caused concern again. In a recent media interview, the woman's husband said he had reported the crime of \"violating the personal information of citizens,\" and the people's procuratorate of Mianzhu, Sichuan province, formally filed a public prosecution against the leakers in 2019, but the time of the court session has not yet been fixed.

據悉,2018年8月,這名女醫生在酒店泳池與一名男孩發生糾紛后,遭對方家人“人肉搜索”,5天后因不堪壓力自殺身亡。

It is reported that in August 2018, the female doctor was \"human flesh search\" by the other family after a dispute with a boy in the hotel pool, and died of stressful suicide five days later.

隨著大數據時代來臨,人們每天都會在網絡空間留下大量記錄,其中包括一些個人隱私,這些都為“人肉搜索”提供了便利,而“人肉搜索”造成的危害不容小覷。

With the advent of the big data era, people leave a lot of records in cyberspace every day, including some personal privacy, which facilitate \"human flesh search \", and the harm caused by\" human flesh search \"cannot be underestimated.

國家互聯網信息辦公室近期發布《網絡信息內容生態治理規定》(以下簡稱《規定》),網絡信息內容服務使用者和生產者、平臺不得開展網絡暴力、人肉搜索、深度偽造、流量造假、操縱賬號等違法活動。

The State Internet Information Office recently issued the Regulations on the Ecological Control of Network Information Content (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations), and users and producers of network information content services and platforms are not allowed to engage in illegal activities such as cyber violence, human flesh search, deep forgery, falsification of traffic and manipulation of account numbers.

中國社會科學院法學研究所研究員、中國社會科學院大學教授支振鋒解讀稱,《規定》把中國特色治網之道的政治優勢轉化為制度優勢,并將以制度優勢實現網絡信息內容生態構建的治理優勢。

Zhi Zhenfeng, a researcher at the Institute of Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and a professor at the University of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, explained that the Regulations turned the political advantages of the way of governing the network with Chinese characteristics into institutional advantages, and will take institutional advantages to realize the governance advantages of the ecological construction of network information content.

據中國傳媒大學法律系副主任鄭寧介紹,“人肉搜索”是一種以互聯網為媒介,基于用人工或者數據的方式去搜集特定人或事的信息,以查找人物或者事件真相的行為。

According to zheng ning, deputy director of the law department at media university of china,\" human flesh search \"is an act of using the internet as a medium to collect information about a particular person or thing based on human or data to find the truth about a person or event.

鄭寧進一步解釋說,“人肉搜索”是一種基于人際關系的關系型網絡社區活動,往往是“一人提問,八方回應”,一次聲勢浩大的“人肉搜索”,往往會有成千上萬的網民參與,可能使相關人員受到全國乃至整個世界的關注。

Zheng Ning further explained that \"human flesh search\" is a relationship-based network community activities, often \"one-person question, eight-party response \", a huge\" human flesh search \", often have thousands of Internet users involved, may make the relevant personnel in the national and even the world's attention.

“人肉搜索”輕則讓當事人不堪其擾,重則可能變成“殺人不見血”的子彈與暗箭!斗ㄖ迫請蟆酚浾呤崂戆l現,因“人肉搜索”釀成的悲劇并不鮮見。

\"Human flesh search\" light let the client undisturbed, heavy may become \"kill bloodless\" bullets and dark arrows. Legal Daily reporters combed found that \"human flesh search\" caused by the tragedy is not uncommon.

2001年某日,有一男性網民在貓撲網貼出一張美女照片,吹噓該女子是其女朋友云云。之后,有網友看出,此女子的真實身份是“微軟第一美女”,并貼出了她的大部分個人資料。此事件開創了“人肉搜索”的先例,一個真正意義上的、被稱為“人肉搜索”的互聯網搜索行動誕生了。

One day in 2001, a male internet user posted a picture of a beautiful woman bragging that she was her girlfriend Yunyun. Later, some netizens saw that the woman's true identity is \"Microsoft's first beauty,\" and posted most of her profile. The event set a precedent for \"human flesh search \", a real internet search operation known as\" human flesh search \".

2007年12月,北京31歲女白領姜巖從24樓的家中縱身跳下,用生命聲討她的丈夫和第三者。姜巖自殺后,她生前的“死亡博客”被公之于眾,引發網友對其丈夫王菲及父母、第三者的“人肉搜索”,并將王菲及其家人個人信息披露于網絡。

In December 2007, Jiang Yan, a 31-year-old white-collar woman in Beijing, jumped from her 24th-floor home to denounce her husband and third party with her life. After mr. jiang's suicide, her death blog was made public, sparking a \"human search\" for her husband, wang wang, parents and third parties, and revealing her family's personal information online.

上述事件演變成“網絡暴力第一案”。之后,王菲以侵犯自己的名譽權為由,將多家網站訴至法院。至此,“人肉搜索”由網絡現象上升為法律問題,由此又出現了“人肉搜索第一案”。

The incident turned into the first case of cyber-violence. Faye Wong later sued a number of websites for violating her reputation. At this point,\" human flesh search \"from the Internet phenomenon to legal issues, and then appeared\" human flesh search the first case.\"

2008年5月,一段視頻中一名女子用輕蔑的口氣大談對“5·12”四川地震和災區難民的看法,臟話連篇。隨后,有網友發帖稱得知該女子的詳細信息,包括身份證號、家庭成員、具體地址、QQ密碼以及家人的電話。隨后警方將女子拘留。

In May 2008, in a video, a woman spoke in a contemplated voice of“5. 12” on the earthquake and refugees in the disaster area of Sichuan Province. Subsequently, Internet users posted a post stating that the woman's details, including the identity card number, family members, specific address, QQ password, and the telephone number of the family. The police subsequently detained the woman.

2013年12月,高中生琪琪(化名)到某服裝店購物。不久,購物時的監控截圖被該服裝店店主發到微博上,稱圖中女孩是小偷。同日,琪琪所在學校、家庭住址均被曝光。之后,琪琪跳河身亡。這起事件造成的結果就是法院以侮辱罪判處服裝店店主有期徒刑一年。

In december 2013, high school student chi (alias) went shopping at a clothing store. Shortly after, a screenshot of the shopping was posted to the clothing store owner, calling the girl a thief. On the same day, Kiki's school and home address were exposed. After that, Kiki jumped into the river and died. As a result of the incident, the court sentenced the owner of the clothing store to one year's imprisonment for insult.

2018年8月,孫某霸占某女乘客高鐵列車座位,在女乘客上車后,繼續“霸座”,并拒絕與乘務人員的溝通,稱“無法起身,不能歸還座位”。雖然巧言躲過了乘務員和乘警的懲處,卻沒有躲過“人肉搜索”的討伐,其個人信息迅速被翻了個底朝天,種種劣跡被公之于眾。輿論壓力下,孫某隨后公開發表道歉,鐵路部門宣布將其納入失信名單,180天內限乘所有火車席別。

In August 2018, Sun took the seats of a high-speed rail train for a female passenger, continued to \"dominate\" after the female passengers got on board, and refused to communicate with the crew, saying \"cannot get up and cannot return the seats.\" Although skillfully evaded the punishment of flight attendants and police, but did not avoid the \"human flesh search\" crusade, its personal information was quickly turned upside down, all kinds of bad is made public. Under pressure of public opinion, sun later issued a public apology, the railway department announced that it was included in the list of breach of faith,180 days limited to all train seats.

“進入大數據時代,‘人肉搜索’的便利程度在提高!敝袊鴤髅酱髮W教授王四新說,網絡已經融入人們的生活,每個人每天都會在網絡空間留下大量記錄,其中包括一些個人隱私,這些都為“人肉搜索”提供了便利。

``In the era of big data, the convenience of human meat search is increasing. ``Wang Sixin, a professor at China University of Media, said that the network has been integrated into people's lives, and that everyone keeps a lot of records in cyberspace every day, including some personal privacy, which facilitates``human flesh search'' .

據鄭寧介紹,“人肉搜索”利用眾多網友的信息來滿足自己的需求,具有很強的針對性。而且參與人數多,影響范圍大。

According to Zheng Ning,\" human flesh search \"uses the information of many netizens to meet their own needs, has a strong pertinence. and the participation is large and the scope of influence is large.

同時,《最高人民法院關于審理利用信息網絡侵害人身權益民事糾紛案件適用法律若干問題的規定》第十二條規定,網絡用戶或者網絡服務提供者利用網絡公開自然人基因信息、病歷資料、健康檢查資料、犯罪記錄、家庭住址、私人活動等個人隱私和其他個人信息,造成他人損害,被侵權人請求其承擔侵權責任的,人民法院應予支持。

At the same time, Article 12 of the Provisions of the Supreme People's Court on Several Issues Concerning the Application of Law in Civil Disputes Cases Concerning the Exploitation of the Information Network in the Exploitation of the Rights and Interests of the Person (hereinafter referred to as \"the Information Network \") stipulates that if a network user or a network service provider makes use of the network to disclose natural person's genetic information, medical records, health examination materials, criminal records, home addresses, private activities and other personal information, thereby causing harm to others, the person who has been infringed upon shall be held liable for the infringement, the people's court shall support it.

“除民事侵權外,還可能涉嫌刑事違法!编崒幷f,如果“人肉搜索”實施者是通過非法方式獲得個人信息的,還有可能涉嫌侵犯公民個人信息罪。

\"In addition to civil infringement, there may be criminal violations. Zheng said that if the \"human flesh search\" implementers were to obtain personal information through illegal means, there may also be suspected of violating the personal information of citizens.

根據刑法第二百五十三條之一侵犯公民個人信息罪規定,違反國家有關規定,向他人出售或者提供公民個人信息,情節嚴重的,處三年以下有期徒刑或者拘役,并處或者單處罰金;情節特別嚴重的,處三年以上七年以下有期徒刑,并處罰金。違反國家有關規定,將在履行職責或者提供服務過程中獲得的公民個人信息,出售或者提供給他人的,依照前款的規定從重處罰。竊取或者以其他方法非法獲取公民個人信息的,依照第一款的規定處罰。單位犯前三款罪的,對單位判處罰金,并對其直接負責的主管人員和其他直接責任人員,依照各該款的規定處罰。

If the circumstances are serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention and shall also or shall only be fined; if the circumstances are especially serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and shall also be fined. Whoever, in violation of the relevant regulations of the State, sells or provides to another person the personal information of a citizen obtained in the course of performing his duties or providing services, shall be given a heavier punishment in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph. Whoever steals or illegally acquires a citizen's personal information by other means shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the first paragraph. Where a unit commits the crimes mentioned in the preceding three paragraphs, it shall be fined, and the persons who are directly in charge and the other persons who are directly responsible for the crimes shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph.

鄭寧補充說,同時,《最高人民法院、最高人民檢察院關于辦理侵犯公民個人信息刑事案件適用法律若干問題的解釋》第三條規定,向特定人提供公民個人信息,以及通過信息網絡或者其他途徑發布公民個人信息的,應當認定為刑法第二百五十三條之一規定的“提供公民個人信息”。

Zheng Ning added that, at the same time, article 3 of the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate on Certain Issues Concerning the Application of Law in Criminal Cases of Infringement of Citizens'Personal Information, stipulates that the provision of personal information for citizens to specific persons and the dissemination of personal information for citizens through information networks or other means shall be regarded as \"providing personal information for citizens\" as one of the provisions of Article 253 of the Criminal Law.

“最后是行政違法。治安管理處罰法第四十二條規定,偷窺、偷拍、竊聽、散布他人隱私行為的,處五日以下拘留或者五百元以下罰款;情節較重的,處五日以上十日以下拘留,可以并處五百元以下罰款!吨腥A人民共和國網絡安全法》第四十四條規定,任何個人和組織不得竊取或者以其他非法方式獲取個人信息,不得非法出售或者非法向他人提供個人信息!编崒幷f。

\"Finally, administrative violations. Article 42 of the Law on Administrative Penalties for Public Security stipulates that whoever peeps, takes pictures, eavesdrops or spreads acts of others'privacy shall be sentenced to detention of not more than five days or a fine of not more than five hundred yuan; if the circumstances are serious, he shall be sentenced to detention of not less than five days but not more than ten days and may also be fined not more than five hundred yuan. Article 44 of the Cybersecurity Law of the People's Republic of China stipulates that no individual or organization may steal or obtain personal information by other illegal means, and may not illegally sell or provide personal information to others. Zheng Ning said.

鄭寧分析稱:首先,可以追責網絡用戶,這里的網絡用戶指的是“人肉搜索”的發起者、信息搜索者和論壇參與者。在“人肉搜索”事件中,網絡用戶在沒有取得當事人的同意甚至在當事人不知情的情況下,公開發布當事人的相關信息甚至捏造虛假信息,侮辱、誹謗當事人,對當事人進行人身攻擊。此行為已超越了法律底線,嚴重侵害了他人的人身權利。

Zheng Ning analysis said: first of all, can be responsible for the network users here refers to the \"human flesh search\" initiators, information searchers and forum participants. In the event of \"human flesh search \", the network users publicly publish the relevant information of the parties and even fabricate false information, insult and slander the parties without obtaining the consent of the parties and even without the knowledge of the parties, and carry out personal attacks on the parties. This act has exceeded the bottom line of the law and seriously infringed upon the personal rights of others.

其次,可以追責網絡服務提供者。網站作為網民交流的平臺,在“人肉搜索”中發揮著巨大的作用。侵權責任法第三十六條第二款規定:“網絡用戶利用網絡服務實施侵權行為的,被侵權人有權通知網絡服務提供者采取刪除、屏蔽、斷開鏈接等必要措施。網絡服務提供者接到通知后未及時采取必要措施的,對損害的擴大部分與該網絡用戶承擔連帶責任!绷硗,侵權責任法第三十六條第三款規定:“網絡服務提供者知道網絡用戶利用其網絡服務侵害他人民事權益,未采取必要措施的,與該網絡用戶承擔連帶責任!

Second, network service providers can be held accountable. As a platform for Internet users to communicate, websites play a huge role in \"human flesh search \". Article 36, paragraph 2 of the Tort Liability Law stipulates:\" Where a network user commits an infringing act using a network service, the infringed party shall have the right to notify the network service provider to take such necessary measures as deleting, blocking and disconnecting the link. If the provider of a network service fails to take the necessary measures in time after receiving the notification, it shall be jointly and severally liable to the user for the expanded portion of the damage.\" In addition, article 36, paragraph 3, of the Tort Liability Law stipulates:\" A network service provider who is aware that the network user has used its network service to infringe upon the civil rights and interests of others and has not taken necessary measures shall be jointly and severally liable to the network user.\"

“由此可知,在‘人肉搜索’事件中,網絡服務提供者也是難脫罪責的。如果網絡服務商沒有盡到相應的義務,應該承擔相應的責任!编崒幷f。

\"Therefore, it is also hard for web service providers to exonerate themselves from human flesh search. If the service provider doesn't fulfill its obligations, it's responsible.\" Zheng Ning said.

“一方面,要加強對相關法律法規的宣傳教育,引導廣大網友充分認識‘人肉搜索’可能帶來的侵權和違法后果,提高網友特別是廣大青少年的道德意識、法律意識,培養健康的心態和健全的人格;另一方面,對于違法者,依法懲處!编崒幷f。

\"On the one hand, we should strengthen the publicity and education of relevant laws and regulations, guide the majority of netizens to fully understand the possible infringement and illegal consequences of human flesh search, improve the moral and legal consciousness of netizens, especially the majority of young people, and cultivate a healthy mentality and a sound personality; on the other hand, we should punish the violators according to law. Zheng Ning said.

此外,鄭寧提到,人們不要輕易泄露個人信息;手機的定位服務在不用時要盡量關閉,以免行蹤被竊;網絡賬號IP及密碼設置應當復雜多樣化,避免出現拖庫、撞庫的情況;不要添加不認識的人為微信好友,不給潛伏的黑客提供機會。

In addition, mr. zheng said that people should not easily disclose personal information; mobile phone location services should be shut down as much as possible when not used to avoid being stolen; network account ip and password settings should be complex and diversified to avoid the occurrence of towing and bumping into the library; do not add unknown artificial wechat friends, do not provide opportunities for lurking hackers.

“如果一旦遭遇‘人肉搜索’,要及時舉報,及時維權!蓖跛男抡f,如果“人肉搜索”行為停留在網絡空間,要讓平臺及時對發起人和參與者進行處理;如果延續到線下,也就是現實生活中的時候,就需要采取物理措施保護自己,及時報警。

\"If encounter'human flesh search', want to report in time, safeguard rights in time.\" If the \"human flesh search\" behavior stays in cyberspace, let the platform deal with the initiators and participants in time; if it continues offline, that is, in real life, it needs to take physical measures to protect itself and report to the police in time.

推薦閱讀  日前,最高人民法院下發《關于進一步加強拖欠農民工工資案件審判執行工作的通知》(以下簡稱通知),部署開展相關工作。

Recommended Reading A few days ago, the Supreme People's Court issued a Notice on Further Strengthening the Trial and Enforcement of Migrant Workers Paying Wages in arrears (hereinafter referred to as the Notice), in which it made arrangements to carry out relevant work.

  據北京市人民檢察院辦公室微信公號消息,2020年1月3日,北京市人民檢察院第三分院經審查,依法對被告人孫文斌以故意殺人罪向北京市第三中級人民法院提起公訴。

On January 3,2020, the third branch of the Beijing Municipal People's Procuratorate, after examination, filed a public prosecution against defendant Sun Wenbin for intentionally killing people in Beijing.


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